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السد يفوز ببطولة كأس الاتحاد القطري للسباحة

توج اليوم السبت 22 فبراير 2019 نادي السد الرياضي بطلاً لكأس الاتحاد القطري للسباحة برصيد 82.36 نقطة وقد حصل نادي السد على الكأس بعد تصدره جميع الفئات بحصوله على المركز الأول في فئة البراعم والأول في فئة الناشئين والثاني في فئة الأشبال والأول في فئة الشباب والأول في فئة العمومي وجاء النادي العربي الرياضي في المركز الثاني ونادي قطر في المركز الثالث. وقام السيد / خالد عبد الله عضو مجلس الإدارة بتتويج الفرق الثلاثة.

لأجل قطر.. كلنا في البيت

أطلق لاعبو منتخبنا الوطني للسباحة حملة على موقع التواصل الاجتماعي تويتر تحت وسم «لأجل قطر كلنا في البيت» وذلك في تأكيد الدعوة للمتابعين والجماهير وكل المقيمين على أرض دولة قطر بالتزام البيت في هذه الظروف الصعبة التي يمر بها العالم بسبب تفشي انتشار فيروس كورونا كوفيد ١٩. وتحدث نجوم عنابي السباحة في أكثر من فيديو للتوعية للمتابعين بالبقاء بالبيت من أجل الجميع ومن أجل بلدنا الغالي قطر حتى تزول هذه الأزمة وتعود الأمور لطبيعتها لأن البقاء في البيت يمثل خط الدفاع الأول في عدم انتشار الفيروس. ومثلت فيديوهات اتحاد السباحة كل فئات المنتخب سواء في العمومي أو الناشئين أو البراعم حيث إن الجميع يتحدث بوعي كبير بأهمية البقاء في البيت من أجل منع انتشار الفيروس القاتل وهو الأمر الذي يؤكد على التزام الجميع والسعي في نشر الوعي عند الجميع. كما نصح اتحاد السباحة كل عشاق السباحة بالبقاء في بيوتهم لتجنب الاختلاط بالآخرين حتى لا يساهم ذلك في انتشار الفيروس .

ورشة عمل لحكام السباحة عن بُعد

اعلنت لجنة الحكام بالاتحاد القطري للسباحة برئاسة طلال الدرويش امين السر العام بالاتحاد عن عقد ورشة عمل عن بُعد للحكام المستجدين بالاتحاد يومي 28-29 مايو الجاري وذلك تحقيقاً لإستراتيجية الاتحاد في مواصلة الانشطة الرياضية عن بعد خلال جائحة كورونا كوفيد 19 والإعداد لعودة النشاط الرياضي. ويسعى الاتحاد القطري للسباحة من خلال هذه الورشة تعليم الحكام الجدد القوانين الاساسية في السباحة من خلال المحاضرات التي يقدمها الدكتور هيثم إمام عبر منصات التواصل المرئية.

استضافة الدوحة لإجتماعات الجمعية العمومية للاتحاد الدوْلي للسِباحة

أعلن الاتحاد القطري للسباحة، عن استضافة الدوحة لاجتماعات الجمعية العمومية للاتحاد الدوْلي للسِباحة العامَ 2021، بعد التنسيق الكامل مع الاتحاد الدوْلي للسباحة، وذلك قبل انطلاق أولمبياد طوكيو في العامِ نفسه، وأكد السيد / خليل إبراهيم الجابر - رئيس الاتحاد القطري للسِباحة -في تصريح خاص لتلفزيون قطر- الثِقة الكبيرة التى تَحظى بها قطر من قِبَل الاتحادات الدوْلية بصفة عامة، والاتحاد الدوْلي للسِباحة بصفة خاصة .مشيرا إلى أن استضافة قطر لهذا الكونغرس العالمي، يُعَد تأكيدا لمكانة قطر وقُدرتها على استضافة الفعاليّات الكبيرة. وأوضح (الجابر)، أنّ الجمعية العمومية سيتِم فيها انتخاب مجلس إدارة جديد للاتحاد الدوْلي للسِباحة، يستمر لمُدة أربعة أعوام .

Team Qatar look for glory in AASF Asian Age Group Championships

BENGALURU, India, September 24 , 2019 – The Qatari swimming team  are  set to begin their campaign  in the 10th AASF Asian Age Groups Championships 2019  will kick off in Indian's city of Bengaluru on Tuesday. Nine swimmers will represent Qatar in the  swimming  and  diving  event  of the prestigious event,  the team comprises of  Waleed Daloul, Abdulaziz Al Obaidely, Omar Asharaf, Yousef Asharaf, Kareem Salah, Tamim Al Hamaidah, Abdullah Al Ghamri, Ibraheem Hilal and Saif Al Borshaid. It  is worth mentioning that, Qatar's young  swimming squad had claimed three medals in the last edition of the championships took place in Uzbekistan's capital of  Tashkent in 2017. In 2019's edition , over 40 countries and more than 1200 swimmers are due to  compete for top honours in four different aquatic disciplines, including swimming, diving, water polo and the visually-mesmerizing artistic swimming.

Doha Open Water Challenge 2020 a huge success

162 swimmers participate in exciting races; focus now shifts to FINA Marathon at Katara Beach Doha (QAT), 14.02.2020: From aspiring teenage swimmers to amateur athletes in their 50s, many participants took the plunge at the shore of Katara Beach to showcase their skills as Qatar Swimming Association (QSA) hosted another successful edition of the Doha Open Water Challenge on Friday. A total of 162 local swimmers competed in the event, which took place on the eve of season-opening FINA /CNSG Marathon Swim World Series Doha (QAT) 2020. The 800m races featuring men and women swimmers of different age categories were held in four waves, with each one offering a plenty of excitement as the participants competed in good conditions. As many as 40 swimmers took part in the first three waves each with the fourth and last wave consisting of 42 competitors. The purpose of the Doha Open Water Challenge, which was held for the third consecutive year in the Qatari capital, is to enable the public to swim the same course and enjoy the same facilities for a day, which the leading athletes of the world experience. As the event started, the swimmers particularly the youngsters showed a lot of enthusiasm as they swam in front of a good number of spectators. Aday Alvarez, who participated in men’s 30-34 age category, gave thumbs up to QSA’s organization for the event. “It was a good race and the level of competition was also good,” said Alvarez. “The water was not cold and it was good for the competition. This is the third time I am competing in this challenge and every time I can see improvement in the organization,” he added. Helen Dobson, who took part in women's 45-49 race, said: "It was an amazing race. I would like to thank the organizers for giving us the opportunity to compete in this event.” The spectacular event culminated with an impressive presentation ceremony in which the podium finishers were handed the medals. Focus will now shift to the FINA Marathon Swim World Series Doha (QAT) 2020, which will be held at the same venue on Saturday. With swimmers gearing up for this year’s Tokyo Olympic Games, the Doha marathon has attracted all the big open water stars. A total of 136 swimmers including 82 male and 54 female athletes from 34 countries are taking part in the first meet, which will be followed by nine more stops. Florian Wellbrock (GER) and Ana Marcela Cunha (BRA) will start as defending champions in men and women’s races in Doha respectively. The women’s race will kick off at 11am while the men’s marathon will start at 1pm. Winners: Doha Open Water Challenge 2020 Boys 15-17: Moaz Ahmed Saleh Girls 15-17: Samantha Maries Banas Men 18-24: Michael Berendt Women 18-24: Yelyzaveta Shyrydeha Men 25-29: Pavlo Nikonorov Women 25-29: Shiela Marie Ruiz Men 30-34: Naoufel Charaf Women 30-34: Ana Milena Gomez Men 35-39: Vadym Women 35-39: Isora Sosa Men 40-44: Adem Allalou Women 40-44: Daniela Sposi Men 45-49: Paul Crooks Women 45-49: Lynn Kelley Men 55-59: Dmytro Siversky

بطولة درع الاتحاد القطري للسباحة والمهرجان الأول

Qatar Swimming Association regulates the Qatar Swimming Association Trophy (25 M) for the season 2019/2020 in Hamad Aquatic complex, will be held on Saturday 23 / 11 / 2019. Age Group : 10 Years (2010), 11-12 Years (2008 - 2009 ) 13-14 Years (2006-2007), 15-17 Years (2003-2004-2005) and 18 Years and over (1996-2002).

FINA /CNSG Marathon Swim World Series 2020 Doha Qatar

FINA /CNSG Marathon Swim World Series Doha (QAT) 2020: Beck and Olivier clinch thrilling victories at Katara Beach Germany's Beck wins maiden title in women's race; Frenchman Olivier emerges men's champion Doha (QAT), 15.02.2020: Leonie Beck (GER) and Marc-Antoine Olivier (FRA) won the women and men's titles respectively after thrilling races in the season-opening FINA /CNSG Marathon Swim World Series Doha (QAT) 2020 at Katara Beach on Saturday. Both the 10km races were exciting with Beck clinching her first major gold medal with a time of 1:56'41.1 in the women's race, which went down to wires. Olivier clocked an impressive 1:49'46.6 to top the men's race. "The races were very exciting and we are happy to start the FINA Marathon series in a thrilling fashion," said Qatar Swimming Association (QSA) President Mr. Khaleel Al Jabir. "Fields for both the races were very strong in presence of many Olympic and World champions. We now wish all the athletes the best in this important Olympic year," he added. In the women's race that started at 11am, Germany's Beck shocked many top-ranked athletes to win her first title in FINA Marathon. She outpaced last year's Doha winner Ana Marcela Cunha (BRA) - winner of multiple major FINA events, and reigning Olympic champion Sharon Van Rouwendaal (NED) by just 0.2sec. Cunha secured silver medal after she was shown slightly ahead of Sharon - who took bronze - on camera. Beck's best show came in the final lap of 2km after Sharon dominated most part of the grueling 5-lap race. "I am very happy, this is my first international title," Beck said after her victory. "My target was to finish among the top three or four swimmers and I am surprised to win the race. In the final lap I didn't know what was happening as I was only focusing to finish the race fast," the 23-year-old added. "The temperature of water was fine as the sun was shining. The conditions were good to compete," said Beck. Former European champion Arianna Bridi (ITA) was fourth in the race with a time of 1:56'42.4, while Olympic silver medalist Haley Anderson (USA) finished fifth, clocking 1:56'42.9. 2019 overall champion of this FINA series, Rachele Bruni (ITA) 1:56'43.9 came in sixth position. All the 53 swimmers finished the women's race. Meanwhile, in the men's race that started at 1:30pm, the 24-year-old Olivier, who won bronze medal at the Rio Olympics in 2016, was outstanding as he registered the commending win with a margin of 12.6sec. "I am very happy to win the first race of the season like this," said Olivier. "It was technically a different and difficult race for me and winning in it will give me confidence for the other events especially for the Tokyo Olympics. I will work more to give myself a chance to win gold medal at Olympics," he added. Rob Muffels (GER) won the silver medal with a time of 1:49'59.2 while world champion Florian Wellbrock (GER), who was also defending his title in Doha, had to content with a bronze medal after he finished the race in 1:49'59.3. Fares Zitouni (FRA) and Gregorio Paltrinieri got fourth and fifth positions respectively, while Ferry Weertman (NED), who won the 2018 meet in the Qatari capital, completed the race in 1:50'02.6 to finish sixth. 2019 overall champion Kristóf Rasovszky (HUN) endured a shaky start to the season as he took 1:52'08.9 to reach the finish line. A total of 75 completed the tiring race. This was the third consecutive year when Doha hosted this FINA marathon. The second meet of the 2020 series will be held in Victoria (SEY, May 3). Budapest (HUN, June 6), Setubal (POR, June 13), Lac St-Jean (July 19), Lac Megantic (August 1), Ohrid (MKD, August 30), Nantou (TPE, September 19), Chun'An (CHN, October 15) and Hong Kong, China (HKG, October 24) will be the other host venues of the series. Medals Winners Women's Race Gold - Leonie Beck (GER) 1:56'41.1 Silver - Ana Marcela Cunha (BRA) 1:56'41.3 Bronze - Sharon Van Rouwendaal (NED) 1:56'41.3 Men's Race Gold - Marc Antoine Olivier (FRA) 1:49'46.6 Silver - Rob Muffels (GER) 1:49'59.2 Bronze - Florian Wellbrock (GER) 1:49'59.3

WANT MEDALS: LEARN HOW TO PACE YOUR RACES!

1. Definition: Pacing is the distribution of energy use during exercise. The goal of pacing, which is almost certainly a fundamental quality of exercise, is to achieve the desired outcome without fatigue interfering with the completion of the task or with the person’s basic health. Pacing can also be a powerful competitive tool, allowing athletes to disrupt the performance of their competitors and achieve victory(1) There is good evidence that pacing can be learned (2), can be practised and can have a profound impact on performance. 2. Swimming and pacing: Due to the highly resistive properties of water, pacing is arguably more critical in swimming than in many other sports. Swimming is mechanically inefficient, because only 6 to 18 per cent of the energy created from metabolism is actually converted into the muscles doing gainful work(4). The more fatigued the swimmer becomes, the greater technique deterioration becomes. This further increases drag and results in an increased metabolic energy cost and an even greater rate of fatigue. Clearly, technique and physiology have to be very much in tune in swimming, and pacing strategy has a massive impact on both of these areas. An extensive analysis of international competition lap times has revealed that races are often won in the middle portions, in which gaps open up that cannot then be closed(5) 4. Key Factors in Determining a Pacing Strategy for Swimming Pacing patterns differ according to the distance of the event and the stroke. a. Stroke The stroke is important because each one has its own mechanical efficiency that influences how quickly the swimmer fatigues and determines how effective and feasible it is to change the stroke rate (or frequency) during a race. The breaststroke is the least efficient of the strokes, whereas the freestyle is the most efficient4. Swimming speed is equal to the stroke length multiplied by the stroke rate, and if stroke length can be maintained over a race, the stroke rate does not have to increase greatly to compensate. In both the breaststroke and butterfly to increase the stroke rate, maintaining the stroke length is particularly important in these events. The purpose of this strategy is to keep the power output of the arms from having to increase over the race to such an extent that excessive local muscle fatigue developed(6) b. Distance It has been postulated that sprint races are decided in the final 25 m of the 50 m event and the final 50 m of the 100 m event. In the 200 m and 400 m events, the competitive advantage is gained in the second 50 m and 100 m laps, respectively, and that gain is often largely maintained over the remainder of the race(5) (unpublished observations from the Australian Institute of Sport). Arguably, coaches need to consider the subtlety of pacing strategies and the impact of them, because even a small change in racing speed will have a marked effect on the swimmer’s physiology. c. Role of the Brain Controlling emotion at the start of races is also important to avoid overriding the planned pacing strategy and internal pacing algorithm because of high motivation or arousal levels (e.g., deciding in the moment, ‘blow the strategy, I am just going to go for it!’). The brain might not be receiving sufficient information or be able to process information rapidly enough, during the majority of a shorter event, to form a conscious or subconscious decision about the appropriateness of the pacing strategy. This makes it difficult to adjust a poor pacing strategy in time to affect the outcome of a short-distance race. Rather with no warning the muscles might demonstrate sudden fatigue, causing the stroke technique to begin to fail and in turn the swimming velocity to decrease. Muscle fatigue (known as peripheral fatigue) would seem to set in before the brain is even aware that the pace is not appropriate. In contrast, during a longer race there is more time for feedback to reach the brain and be interpreted; the brain can initiate a response to a potential problem, such as fatigue developing too quickly, by slightly reducing the level of muscle activation to produce a slower but more sustainable pace. d. Technology Various systems have been tried over the years. · Pacing lights · Audible sound systems · The Aquapacer system / Tempo Trainer Pro: Most Used by coaches and athletes to manipulate pace. At the elite level of swimming, performance changes are small among competitors and competitions such that a 0.4 per cent change in performance either positively or negatively is a meaningful change. However, a controlled pre-race warm-up can negate some of the variation in performance by preparing the swimmer physiologically (Martin & Thompson 2000). Coaches and swimmers must also pay attention to starts and turns because appreciable time gains can also be made here. Coaches and sports scientists should consider greater individualisation when determining a swimmers’ optimal pacing strategy(7) Conclusion: The key point here is that each aspect of performance needs to be evaluated and scrutinised, including the pacing strategy, because each aspect of the race is both marginally and critically important. References 1. Thiel, C, Foster, C., Banzer, W. & de Koning, J.J. Pacing in Olympic track races: Competitive tactics versus best performance strategy. Journal of Sports Sciences. 2012; 2. Foster, C, Hendrickson, K.J., Peyer, K. et al. Pattern of developing the performance template. British Journal of Sports Medicine 2009; 3. Kevin, GT, PhD. Pacing : individual strategies for optimal performance. United States of America: Human Kinetics, Inc. 4. Holmer, I. Propulsive efficiency of breaststroke and freestyle swimming. European Journal of Applied Physiology. 1974;33( 5. Robertson, E, Pyne, D., Hopkins, W. & Anson,. Analysis of lap times in international swimming competitions. Journal of Sports Sciences,. 2009;1-9( 6. Chollet, D, Pelayo, P., Tourny, C., Sidney, M. Comparative analysis of 100 m and 200m events in the four strokes in top level swimmers. Journal of Human Movement Studies. 1996;31( 7. McGibbon, K, Pyne DB, Shephard ME, Thompson KG. Pacing in Swimming: A Systematic Review. . Sport. Med. Springer International Publishing;. 2018;

WARM-UP STRATEGIES DURING SWIMMING COMPETITION

In general, Warm-up procedures before competition or training are intended to assure benefits to athlete’s performance(1,2). The aim of this period is to help the swimmer optimize psychological, neurological, and physiological states for the best performance(3) . Warm-up techniques can be broadly classified mechanisms. However, it has also been suggested into two major categories: passive or active warm up 1) Passive Warm-Up Increases in muscle and core body temperature could be achieved without physical activity by the use of external heating, such as hot showers, saunas and heated vests(4). These practices are commonly known as passive warm-up, through which the swimmers achieve the increase in muscle or core temperature by active decrease in the initial oxygen deficit and thereby warm up, without depleting energy substrates. However, heating cannot exceed the 39º C for the core temperature, as overheating negatively affects the motor drive and muscular performance(5).. It appears also that passive warm up does not improve isometric force, but may improve short- duration (<10 seconds) dynamic force. it can also improve intermediate performance (~10 seconds to 5 minutes) but have a detrimental effect on long-term performance (>5 minutes)4 According to Akamine (6), this method be adopted by swimmers because it tends to reduce the lactate concentration, heart rate and electromyography response of the rectus femoris, suggesting higher muscle efficiency and less fatigue. Nevertheless, further research is need on this topic. According to McGowan (7), despite the use of passive warm-up alone is not commonplace, the idea of using it to maintain an elevated body temperature throughout the transition phase is gaining traction. However, while effective, the practicality of completing these types of passive warm-up strategies within the competition environment is often impractical. Therefore, an active warm-up has traditionally been the most commonly utilised form of warm-up 3 2) Active Warm-Up In active warm up, temperature is raised from the energy released from contracting muscles (8).Theoretically, the increased heart rate after active warm-up and the higher baseline oxygen uptake at the start of subsequent practice (9, 10) improve the oxygen delivery to the active muscles and potentiate the aerobic energy system (11). There have been inconclusive results on a swimmer’s performance for shorter distances after warm-up. One study reported that warm-up did not have any favorable effects on 50 m crawl performance (12), while in two other studies, (13) reported a significantly faster times on the 45.7 m freestyle (~0.2 s, p = 0.06) and (14)revealed a higher propelling force with 30 s of maximal tethered swimming (~13% for the mean force and 18% for the maximal force, p ≤ 0.05). Therefore, the effects of active warm-up depend on several components such as the volume, intensity and recovery time (3, 4). Any changes in these variables may influence the subsequent performance and the results obtained (150. Furthermore, dry-land movements are usually performed before swimmers enter the pool, and the effects of these movements should not be disregarded. 3) Dry-land Warm-Up Swimmers often perform some sort of physical activity out of the water (e.g., arm rotation) before entering the water to activate the body. These activities may also include calisthenics, strength/activation exercises and stretching. Some facilities do not have an extra swimming pool available, requiring swimmers to rely on alternatives to in-water warm-up(16). However, several other studies reported that these exercises are used to complement and not as an alternative to the in-water warm-up. Stretching exercises are also commonly used by athletes as a practice that influences the injury risk. It is expected to reduce the resistance of the movement, allowing for easier movement that optimizes the activity and prevents muscle and joint injuries (17, 18) but pre-exercise static stretching does not produce a reduction in the risk of overuse injuries19, and it could lead to a severe loss of strength and performance impairment (20). 4) In-Water Warm-Up a) Volume During competition, swimmers traditionally use a long Warm-up, even for very short races. A long Warm-up is, in general, believed to provide a ‘‘feel for the water’’ and to increase blood flow, heart rate, and flexibility of the involved muscles(13). However, long Warm-ups require higher energy consumption and may contribute to overall muscle fatigue. For swimmers, swimming heats and finals in multiple events, fatigue from Warm-up may contribute to fatigue accruing from swimming events(13).This may be due to the Swimmers not having enough time after warm-up to replenish their phosphocreatine and adenosine triphosphate levels, compromising the energy supply and negatively affecting their performance(12). In swimming, it is suggested that the swimmers should warm-up for a relatively moderate distance (i.e.1200 m) with the proper intensity (short race-pace) and subsequent recovery time sufficient to avoid early fatigue during race(13, 21, 22). Neiva,(15) suggested that total warm-up volume of a 15-20 min duration (between 1000 and 1500 m) is ideal for swimming events up to 3-4 min, with the inclusion of technical stroke drills along with a set of race-pace efforts recommended to improve swimming efficiency and permit swimmers to gain a feel for racing pace. Some coaches and athletes tend to increase the volume of warm-up in the morning. The reasoning behind this is the need for extra body activation due to the adaptation to the circadian rhythm. This result suggests that performance is significantly higher in the late afternoon, independent of the previous warm-up volume performed(15). b) Intensity Despite the uncertainties about including high-intensity swimming sets in the warm-up procedures, it seems better to use high-intensity swimming sets instead of not warming up. Thus, a short-distance set that is built up from low intensity to race-pace velocity in the last repetition could be used to improve subsequent performance by stimulating the energy systems that are recruited in the competitive event (3, 4). Nevertheless, when high-intensity swimming is performed during warm-up, it should be used with caution to avoid the early fatigue and compromising the subsequent swimming performance(15). 5) Post-Warm-up (Transition Period) At the elite level, a transition phase of 30-45 min from the end of the pool warm-up to the start of the race start is not uncommon and can impair swimming performance(23). Muscle temperature declines following exercise, with a substantial reduction evident after ∼15–20 min of recovery(24) In most swim meets, there is a considerable time interval between the in-water warm-up and the swimming event, diminishing its possible beneficial effects(23). After the pool warm-up, swimmers must report for marshalling, 15-20min prior to race start(25), thus transition phase of 30-45min are not uncommon. The ergogenic effects of in-pool warm-ups can last up to 20 min but will not endure up to 45 min post-warm-up (23) and it is not possible to re-warm-up in a pool during the last 20 min leading to the race. In real competition venues, it is almost impossible to take less than 8-10 min between finishing the warm-up and the swimming event. Warming up is more effective when it is sufficiently intense to activate the physiological processes that will be required in the competition event, with a recovery time that should be between 8 to 20 min, allowing for replenishment of phosphocreatine(26). 6) Conclusion In swimming and, despite some contradictory results, research tends to suggest that warm-up, more particularly the active type, has a positive effect on the swimmer’s performance, especially for distances above 200 m. Additionally, the literature proposes that in-water activities are the most useful activities, but when it is not possible to do in-water warm-up, dry-land exercises can be performed as an alternative. References: 1. Burnley, M, Doust Jh Fau - Jones, AM, Jones, AM. Effects of prior heavy exercise, prior sprint exercise and passive warming on oxygen uptake kinetics during heavy exercise in humans. 2002;1439-6319 (Print)): 2002 Aug 2. Atkinson, G, Todd C Fau - Reilly, T, Reilly T Fau - Waterhouse, J, Waterhouse, J. Diurnal variation in cycling performance: influence of warm-up. 2005;0264-0414 (Print)): 2005 Mar 3. Bishop, D. Warm up II: performance changes following active warm up and how to structure the warm up. Sports Med. 2003;33(7): 483-498. 4. Bishop, D. Warm up I: potential mechanisms and the effects of passive warm up on exercise performance. 2003;0112-1642 (Print)): 2003 5. Racinais, S, Oksa, J. Temperature and neuromuscular function. 2010;1600-0838 (Electronic)): 2010 Oct 6. Akamine, T, Taguchi, N. Effects of an artificially carbonated bath on athletic warm-up. 1998;0300-8134 (Print)): 1998 Dec 7. McGowan, CJ, Pyne, DB, Thompson, KG, Rattray, B. Warm-Up Strategies for Sport and Exercise: Mechanisms and Applications. Sports Med. 2015;45(11): 1523-1546. doi: 1510.1007/s40279-40015-40376-x. 8. Gray, SC, Devito G Fau - Nimmo, MA, Nimmo, MA. Effect of active warm-up on metabolism prior to and during intense dynamic exercise. 2002;0195-9131 (Print)): 2002 Dec 9. Andzel, WD. The effects of moderate prior exercise and varied rest intervals upon cardiorespiratory endurance performance. 1987;0022-4707 (Print)): 1978 Sep doi:D - NASA: 79092496 EDAT- 1978/09/01 00:00 MHDA- 1978/09/01 00:01 CRDT- 1978/09/01 00:00 PHST- 1978/09/01 00:00 [pubmed] PHST- 1978/09/01 00:01 [medline] PHST- 1978/09/01 00:00 [entrez] PST - ppublish 10. Febbraio, MA, Carey Mf Fau - Snow, RJ, Snow Rj Fau - Stathis, CG, Stathis Cg Fau - Hargreaves, M, Hargreaves, M. Influence of elevated muscle temperature on metabolism during intense, dynamic exercise. 1996;0002-9513 (Print)): 1996 Nov 11. Burnley, M, Davison G Fau - Baker, JR, Baker, JR. Effects of priming exercise on VO2 kinetics and the power-duration relationship. 2011;1530-0315 (Electronic)): 2011 Nov 12. Neiva, HP, Marques Mc Fau - Barbosa, TM, Barbosa Tm Fau - Izquierdo, M, Izquierdo M Fau - Viana, JL, Viana Jl Fau - Teixeira, AM, Teixeira Am Fau - Marinho, DA, Marinho, DA. The Effects of Different Warm-up Volumes on the 100-m Swimming Performance: A Randomized Crossover Study. 2012;1533-4287 (Electronic)): 2015 Nov 13. Balilionis, G, Nepocatych, S, Ellis, CM, Richardson, MT, Neggers, YH, Bishop, PA. Effects of different types of warm-up on swimming performance, reaction time, and dive distance. J Strength Cond Res. 2012;26(12): 3297-3303. doi: 3210.1519/JSC.3290b3013e318248ad318240. 14. Neiva, H, Morouço P Fau - Silva, AJ, Silva Aj Fau - Marques, MC, Marques Mc Fau - Marinho, DA, Marinho, DA. The Effect of Warm-up on Tethered Front Crawl Swimming Forces. 2011;1640-5544 (Print)): 2011 Sep 15. Neiva, HP, Marques Mc Fau - Barbosa, TM, Barbosa Tm Fau - Izquierdo, M, Izquierdo M Fau - Marinho, DA, Marinho, DA. Warm-up and performance in competitive swimming. 2014;1179-2035 (Electronic)): 2014 Mar 16. Abbes, Z, Chamari, K, Mujika, I, Tabben, M, Bibi, KW, Hussein, AM, Martin, C, Haddad, M. Do Thirty-Second Post-activation Potentiation Exercises Improve the 50-m Freestyle Sprint Performance in Adolescent Swimmers? Front Physiol. 2018;9:1464.(doi): 10.3389/fphys.2018.01464. eCollection 02018. 17. Ekstrand J Fau, Gillquist J Fau, Liljedahl, SO. Prevention of soccer injuries. Supervision by doctor and physiotherapist. 1983;0363-5465 (Print)): 1983 May-Jun 18. Hadala, M, Barrios, C. Different strategies for sports injury prevention in an America's Cup yachting crew. 2009;1530-0315 (Electronic)): 2009 Aug 19. Pope, RP, Herbert Rd Fau - Kirwan, JD, Kirwan Jd Fau - Graham, BJ, Graham, BJ. A randomized trial of preexercise stretching for prevention of lower-limb injury. 2000;0195-9131 (Print)): 2000 Feb 20. Winchester, JB, Nelson Ag Fau - Landin, D, Landin D Fau - Young, MA, Young Ma Fau - Schexnayder, IC, Schexnayder, IC. Static stretching impairs sprint performance in collegiate track and field athletes. 2008;1533-4287 (Electronic)): 2008 Jan 21. Houmard, JA, Johns Ra Fau - Smith, LL, Smith Ll Fau - Wells, JM, Wells Jm Fau - Kobe, RW, Kobe Rw Fau - McGoogan, SA, McGoogan, SA. The effect of warm-up on responses to intense exercise. 1991;0172-4622 (Print)): 1991 Oct 22. Neiva, HP, Marques, MC, Barbosa, TM, Izquierdo, M, Viana, JL, Teixeira, AM, Marinho, DA. The Effects of Different Warm-up Volumes on the 100-m Swimming Performance: A Randomized Crossover Study. J Strength Cond Res. 2015;29(11): 3026-3036. doi:10.1519/JSC.0000000000001141 23. West, DJ, Dietzig Bm Fau - Bracken, RM, Bracken Rm Fau - Cunningham, DJ, Cunningham Dj Fau - Crewther, BT, Crewther Bt Fau - Cook, CJ, Cook Cj Fau - Kilduff, LP, Kilduff, LP. Influence of post-warm-up recovery time on swim performance in international swimmers. 2013;1878-1861 (Electronic)): 2013 Mar 24. Mohr, M, Krustrup P Fau - Nybo, L, Nybo L Fau - Nielsen, JJ, Nielsen Jj Fau - Bangsbo, J, Bangsbo, J. Muscle temperature and sprint performance during soccer matches--beneficial effect of re-warm-up at half-time. 2004;0905-7188 (Print)): 2004 Jun 25. FINA. Available at: https://www.fina.org/sites/default/files/ rules-print-pdf/7440.pdf [accessed December 12, 2017]. 26. Ozyener, F, Rossiter Hb Fau - Ward, SA, Ward Sa Fau - Whipp, BJ, Whipp, BJ. Influence of exercise intensity on the on- and off-transient kinetics of pulmonary oxygen uptake in humans. 2001;0022-3751 (Print)): 2001 Jun 15

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